About AMO


  • Data from aeronautical meteorological observation serve as vital information that determines the operation of aircraft.
  • Aeronautical meteorological observations are automated. AMOS equipment is deployed at civil airports and military airbases nationwide, measuring wind direction, wind speed, RVR, temperature, air pressure, precipitation, etc..
  • The Aerodrome Meteorological Office of each airport provides observational data on the current weather at the airport to air traffic services units, flight crews, airport management and other air navigation services authorities.
  • AMO conducts the following observations to prepare and provide meteorological products for safe aircraft navigation.

Types of Aviation Meteorological Observation

Report Time
Routine Observation
(Incheon Airport 30minutes)
Basic observation to observe the meteorological conditions of airports at regular intervals
  • Incheon Airport is observed every 30 minutes by Regional Air Navigation agreement
Local routine Report
(Incheon Airport 30minutes)
Observes detailed weather conditions on the runway, which are required for the aircraft’s takeoff and landing
  • Provided to air traffic service authorities of the relevant airport
Special Observations
Observation conducted when a meteorological condition meets a special aircraft observation standard required by ICAO International regulations
  • Specific reference values stipulated in international regulations or standards determined by meteorological authorities in consultation with air traffic service authorities, operators, and other persons concerned
Observes detailed current weather conditions on the runway to support aircraft’s takeoff and landing
  • Prompt delivery of weather changes affecting the safe operation of aircraft